Plywood / Wood Laser Cutting – Getting Started With Endurancelasers

Make truly amazJasa Laser Cutting Medan ing plywood decor (a DIY LED lamp) with Endurance lasers!

Wood PropertiesThe different varieties of wood can affect how the laser performs. Hardwoods can have light and dark varieties and this can make a difference in photoJasa Laser Cutting engraving contrasting, grayscale images, and small writings. Lightwoods are great for getting contrasting colors and visible details.It is a great idea to have test pieces ready for the type of wood you will like to engrave to understand how the material reacts to the laser and how to adjust your machine accordingly.

Here are some wood types to consider and their features.

AcaciaThis is a popular choice that’s used for cutting boards due to its ability to be durable against knives and utensils.Lasts long and it is water-resistant.Beautiful natural grain

Soft mapleMultiple varieties available.25% denser than hard maple.You can produce wonderful greyscale designs and photoengraving turns up well.This is among one of the best for engraving and you will also be able to achieve beautiful finishing.OliveA strong hardwood that gets even better as it ages.Becomes darker and has a rich tone over time.This is a great wood to work with for its great texture and grain.OakA great choice and one of the best types of wood for laser engraving.A strong hardwood that can be great for signs.This is popular for engraving wood and is one of the most commonly used wood.WalnutA thick hardwood that can be found in both light and dark wood varieties.Has a good texture and it is a popular choice for large signage.Dark walnut is not ideal for contrasting images and small fonts because of its dark.Poplar This is great for engraving and can create some even contrasts along the surface.Easy to work withGreat uniform texture and straight grainCherry The main features that make cherry a very good option for engraving is the straight and fine grain with a beautiful reddish-brown tone.The lebih jelasnya and engraving especially grayscale produce great results. This hardwood can also have sub-types such as American cherry or black cherry. The surface quality makes it a good option for photoengraving.BasswoodGreat for cutting and engraving.It’s affordable and lightweight.Not very durable and can easily get damaged.Baltic Birch PlywoodOne of the most laser-friendly woods to cut is Baltic Birch.This is a great option for laser cutting and engraving.Light and inexpensive, and it can be used in a wide variety of projects.Easy to work with but details for engraving can be clearer on much thicker woods.One of the best types of wood to cut and engrave for all sorts of projects.plywood laser cutting with 10 watt delux laser

Endurance 10w deluxe.Testing clean cuts.200mm/min @85% power, 2 passes.3mm basswood.Qualities and good features for lasers

Several attributes can be visually studied to know how some natural features possessed can either be good or inconsistent. For laser engraving, a good feature is straight smooth grain and minimal streaking. This will enable you to produce a well-detailed photoengrave and designs. The grain can greatly affect details by blending the grain with the image. In addition, the ribbed areas around the center of a tree often create unwanted textures that alter the outcome of designs. The smoother and more consistent the wood grain quality, the better.

Hardwoods such as olive or oak are great for getting dark engraving the contrast will appear well and even. Light woods such as plywood or balsa does not produce the same quality of engraving but they can still produce some great designs.How to cut wood/plywood with your diode laser –  parameters and settings do you need to setup in your laser cutting perangkat lunak. Getting started!

Co2 and diode lasers are the best lasers for wood/plywood cutting because wood and plywood absorb visible light 400-700 nm very well and far-infrared 10.6 um.

Comparison of a different types of lasers and different wavelength

Absorption wavelength spectrum for different materials: glass, metal and others.

Many people think that diode lasers do not have enough power for wood/plywood cutting. Indeed diode lasers have less power, the most powerful have about 15 watt optical power hasil however Co2 laser can have 40/80/100/150 watt or power and even more.

However to cut 3 mm (3/16” ) and 6 mm (1/4”) of soft plywood and special laserply diode lasers with a well-focused laser beam can cut that thickness at a good speed like 100-300 mm / min.

For effective and accurate wood/plywood cutting it is also necessary to use air assist with at Jasa Laser Cutting Medan least 0.05-0.1 MPA air pressure and at least 60-70 L / min airflow capacity.

An Endurance laser air nozzle: ver 1.0 / ver 2.0 (fully open-source). Make your laser cutting fast and accurate!Here is an example of 10 watt diode 445 nm blue laser cutting test with G8 laser lens + air nozzle ver 2. extended with an assist (pressure for air assist was 1 bar).  3 mm birch plywood (high-density plywood).

Keep in mind that for effective plywood laser cutting you need to get proper plywood or laserply. Some types of plywood can not be cut with a laser. They can hardly be cut with a saw or with the powerful CNC.Recommended types of plywood for laser cuttingA detailed video instruction about plywood laser cuttingKey things to check and remember while wood / plywood laser cutting!For better, quick and accurate laser cutting you need to use G-dua short focal lens that allows getting 60 x 133 uM laser beam spot. The best laser beam spot can be achieved.Make sure that your MDF, plywood, wood, laserply is not fire-resistive and good for laser cutting.Make sure that your laser lens is clean.Make sure you are in a perfect focus.Check the density of your material. Very dense sorts of wood, plywood, MDF, laserply that can hardly be cut with a real saw might have problems with laser cutting as well.All you need to know about plywood / wood laser cutting

Keep in mind that using air assist while cutting will reduce the number of passes, increase speed and make cleaner edges.Wood/plywood laser cutting: with air assist and without air assistLaser cutting results with 10 wattType of materialWidth, mmlength, mmHeight, mmValueWeight in gramsDensity g/cm^3Cutting edgesLaser cutting speed mm/minA minimum amount of passesGuaranteed amount of passesLaserply (spruce)1302004,5117000440,376068Perfect300233 layer plywood (maracanic plywood)1901122,655328220,397629Perfect60023Softwood (cedar)1821503,698280350,356125Perfect60023Wood (cedar)1402504,5157500740,469841Perfect55035Dense plywood (birch)1001504,567500480,711111Good30068

We suggest using plywood and laserply with a density of less than 0.5 g / centimeter^3Laser cutting results with 10 watt plus (PRO)Type of materialWidth, mmlength, mmHeight, mmValue in mm^3Weight in gramsDensity g/cm^3Cutting edgesLaser cutting speedThe minimum amount of passesGuaranteed amount of passesLaserply (spruce)1302004,5117000440,376068Perfect100113 layer plywood (maracanic plywood)1901122,655328220,397629Perfect20011Softwood (cedar)1821503,698280350,356125Perfect30012Wood (cedar)1402504,5157500740,469841Perfect30023Dense plywood (birch)1001504,567500480,711111Good30057

G-code example that was used for this experiment

(was generated using an Endurance plugin for an Inkscape)

M05 S0 // laser off G00 X8.1854 Y2.0382 // setup starting point G90 G21 //  step specifying in mm

M03 S255 // full laser power G01 X8.1854 Y2.0382 F300 // start of a cutting process with a speed of 300 mm per minute (5 mm / sec)

G04 P0 // delay M05 S0 // laser off M02 // end of the program G00 // home

Checked and tested for an Eleksmaker Mana board with Benbox firmware

heart g-code (download)How to calculate a density properly:

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